Images can cause barriers to people with disabilities but when they are made accessible they can improve the experience for all.
People with cognitive and learning disabilities: Images and graphics make content easier to understand.
People using screen readers: The text alternative can be read aloud or rendered as Braille.
People using speech input software: Users can put the focus onto a button or linked image with a single voice command.
People browsing speech-enabled websites: The text alternative can be read aloud.
Mobile web users: Images can be turned off, especially for data-roaming.
Search engine optimization: Images become indexable by search engines.
Only use images that serve a purpose. When in doubt, it’s best to sacrifice beauty for accessibility and usability.
- Photos or illustrations that contribute to the story that the content is telling (e.g., happy, healthy families on a health and wellness-focused website)
- Informative illustrations, charts, and graphs
Always include alternative (alt) text
All images must include alternative text that can adequately portray the content or function of the image.
- Be descriptive in presenting the same content and function of the image as clearly as possible.
- Don’t be redundant. If the same information is provided within the text of the document, use, “” (empty apostrophes) as the alt text so that the screen reader skips that image.
- Don’t use the phrases “image of” or “table of” as this is usually clear to the user.
- Don’t use quotation marks or apostrophes within alt-text, as screen readers will interpret these punctuation marks as the end of the alt-text, and read them aloud as HTML characters.
Alt text for complex images
Alt text is an essential component of accessibility but sometimes a graphic or visual component is too complex to be adequately explained in character-limited alt tags. Examples of complex images include:
- Graphics and infographics
- Graphs, tables and diagrams
- Images with substantial information
If you cannot clearly describe an image within the alt text’s character limit or in the text, you will need to create a separate (accessible) document or webpage with a “long description” of the image. Long descriptions provide blind/low-vision readers with more comprehensive and meaningful information about a complex image.
They contain a breakdown of every important element in a complex image including the text in the visual, a description of any graphs or charts and interpretations of data that can be inferred from charts or tables. So that the reader is aware, add alt text to briefly describe the image and identify the location/link to the long description.
Learn more about how to add alt text to complex images:
State Agency Planning Resources
The IT Accessibility Planning Guide website is made available only to state agencies for the purpose of providing guidance, tools and updates that are relevant only to state agencies and their unique statutory requirements. The Technology Accessibility Program team (TAP) has made every effort to provide similar, relevant resources available to local government entities (see Local Government Resources).
Local Government Planning Resources
Accessibility Planning for Local Government, 2023 (Google Slides)
This presentation is designed to help local government teams understand their responsibilities and provide basic guidance for planning and operationalizing accessibility. Similar guidance can be found on the Accessibility Planning Core Criteria webpage.
- Colorado Laws for Persons with Disabilities
- Planning tools and guidance
- Links to more information and resources