“Nothing about us, without us.” — Michael Masutha, People’s Assembly
Inclusive products and services are the results of inclusive design processes and collaborations.
Accessibility is not a special requirement but a critical element of good design. When you improve the online experience for people with disabilities, you improve usability for everyone including people with low literacy skills and people who speak English as a foreign language.
Accessibility and inclusivity are indivisible and critical elements of good design. Consider the native language, literacy, digital literacy, and digital access of your users as well as potential visual, hearing, motor, and cognitive disabilities.
- Advocate for people with disabilities throughout the product development cycle.
- Build diverse project teams; including people with disabilities and a wide range of experiences and viewpoints.
- Engage people with disabilities in UX research and design early and meaningfully.
- Include costs for compensating research participants into projects and advocate for a compensation budget when there is none.
- Use only accessible tools when facilitating UX activities and workshops. Ask in advance if participants require accessibility accommodations.
- Create accessible UX artifacts, documentation, and presentations.
- Inform your team about the experience of using your product or service with assistive technology.
- Include accessibility considerations in your personas, user archetypes, or user stories.
- Commit to learning from people with disabilities and informing yourself about the assistive technologies and innovations that can improve the ability to access state services and resources.
- Understand the State Accessibility Technical Standard (TBD) and best practices for meeting compliance guidelines for all digital content you are producing.
What You Can Do
Building Empathy with Teams
- Community Compensation Best Practices Guide, Appendix A of the Community Partnership Principles Guide, Colorado Equity Alliance
- How People with Disabilities Use the Web, W3C
- Perspectives: Learn about the impact of accessibility and the benefits for everyone in a variety of situations (Video), W3C
- Tools and techniques that disabled people use to access the web, W3C
- An Alphabet of Accessibility Issues, The Pastry Box Project
Designing for Disabilities
To use the Web effectively, people with auditory disabilities often rely on:
- Transcripts and captions of audio content, including audio-only content and audio tracks in multimedia;
- Media players that display captions and provide options to adjust the text size and colors of captions;
- Options to stop, pause, and adjust the volume of audio content (independently of the system volume);
- High-quality foreground audio that is clearly distinguishable from any background noise.
Cognitive, learning, and neurological, W3C
Depending on the individual needs, people with cognitive, learning, and neurological disabilities often rely on:
- Clearly structured content that facilitates overview and orientation;
- Consistent labeling of forms, buttons, and other content parts;
- Predictable link targets, functionality, and overall interaction;
- Different ways of navigating websites, such as hierarchical menu and search;
- Options to suppress blinking, flickering, flashing, and otherwise distracting content;
- Simpler text that is supplemented by images, graphs, and other illustrations;
To use the Web, people with physical disabilities often use specialized hardware and software such as:
- Ergonomic or specially designed keyboard or mouse;
- Head pointer, mouth stick, and other aids to help with typing;
- On-screen keyboard with trackball, joysticks, or other pointing devices;
- Switches operated by foot, shoulder, sip-and-puff, or other movements;
- Voice recognition, eye tracking, and other approaches for hands-free interaction.
- People with speech disabilities encounter barriers with voice-based services, such as automated web-based hotlines and web applications that are operated using voice commands.
- To use services that rely on voice, people with speech disabilities need alternative modes of interaction such as a text-based chat to interact with hotline representatives and keyboard commands to operate web applications.
- Also, websites that provide telephone numbers as the only means of communicating with an organization pose barriers for people with speech disabilities. Alternative means of communication include e-mail and feedback forms.
People with visual disabilities typically rely on changing the presentation of web content into forms that are more usable for their particular needs. For example by:
- Enlarging or reducing text size and images;
- Customizing settings for fonts, colors, and spacing;
- Listening to text-to-speech synthesis of the content;
- Listening to audio descriptions of video in multimedia;
- Reading text using refreshable Braille.
Resources for State of Colorado Agencies
Siteimprove: Siteimprove’s software helps to improve State website usability and accessibility by automating the process of finding errors and problems. Siteimprove alone will not make websites accessible but is part of a holistic approach to managing web services.
For questions about using Siteimprove or Siteimprove Academy, please contact Theresa Montano, OIT Solutions Architect of Accessibility at firstname.lastname@example.org.
Don't have access to Siteimprove? Use these free browser extensions:
- WAVE Web Accessibility Evaluation Tool, WebAIM
- Siteimprove Browser Extensions (Chrome and Firefox), Siteimprove
- Selecting Web Accessibility Evaluation Tools, W3C
Siteimprove Academy, Siteimprove (Requires a login)
To request accessibility testing:
Section 508 of the U.S. Rehabilitation Act of 1973, section508.gov